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Diversity in axon guidance

William Wells

Genome Biology 2000, 1:spotlight-20000616-01  doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20000616-01

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:


Published:16 June 2000

© 2000 BioMed Central Ltd

Research news

Thousands of alternatively spliced forms of an axon guidance receptor may contribute to the specificity of neuronal connections. The receptor, a Drosophila homolog of human Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (DSCAM), was isolated thanks to its affinity with the axon guidance adaptor protein Dock, as reported in the June 9 Cell (Schmucker et al., Cell 2000, 101:671-684). Of DSCAM's ten extracellular immunoglobulin (Ig) domains, three of them have 12, 48, and 33 potential alternative sequences, respectively, in tandem arrangements. There are also two alternative transmembrane domains. Of 50 random DSCAM cDNAs, 49 had unique combinations of exons, suggesting that close to the theoretical maximum of 38,016 isoforms may be made by collections of neurons. Multiple isoforms of the human protein have not yet been detected, but an excess of the protein may contribute to neurological defects seen in Down syndrome.

References

  1. DSCAM: a novel member of the immunoglobulin superfamily maps in a Down syndrome region and is involved in the development of the nervous system.

    PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text OpenURL

  2. Drosophila photoreceptor axon guidance and targeting requires the dreadlocks SH2/SH3 adapter protein.

    PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text OpenURL

  3. [http://www.cell.com/] webcite

    Cell Magazine