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Sequence of a big bug

William Wells

Genome Biology 2000, 1:spotlight-20000901-04  doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20000901-04

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:


Published:1 September 2000

© 2000 BioMed Central Ltd

Research news

The 6.3 Mbp sequence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the bug responsible for most cystic fibrosis deaths, reveals lots of pumps and lots of regulation. As reported in the 31 August Nature, this, the largest bacterial genome sequenced thus far, is available thanks to an effort that used the shotgun sequencing capabilities of the University of Washington in Seattle and funding provided by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation and Pathogenesis Corporation (Stover et al., Nature 2000, 406:959-964). The Foundation's next effort will be to make P. aeruginosa arrays available at a reasonable cost. With 5,570 predicted genes, P. aeruginosa has almost as many genes as budding yeast. This complexity is particularly apparent in regulation: a full 8-10% of the genes encode proteins with sequences similar to known regulators of gene expression. This may explain the bacteria's ability to live just about anywhere on just about anything. The sequence also unveiled a reason why P. aeruginosa is so troublesome for cystic fibrosis patients. The bacterium has six additional 'RND' multi-drug efflux pumps to add to the four that were already known.

References

  1. [http://www.nature.com/nature/] webcite

    Nature

  2. [http://www.pseudomonas.com/] webcite

    Pseudomonas Genome Project

  3. [http://www.genome.washington.edu/UWGC/] webcite

    University of Washington in Seattle

  4. [http://www.cff.org/] webcite

    Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

  5. [http://www.pathogenesis.com/] webcite

    Pathogenesis Corporation