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New evolutionary frontiers from unusual virus genomes

Christopher Desjardins, Jonathan A Eisen* and Vishvanath Nene*

Author Affiliations

The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20854, USA

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Genome Biology 2005, 6:212  doi:10.1186/gb-2005-6-3-212

Published: 2 March 2005

Abstract

The sequences of two giant viral genomes, Mimivirus and a polydnavirus, have recently been published. Mimivirus has the largest known viral genome and encodes an unprecedented number of proteins, whereas the polydnavirus genome has an extremely low coding density and does not encode DNA-replication proteins. These and other unusual features challenge the way we view the evolution and definition of viruses.