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Evolutionary conservation of domain-domain interactions

Zohar Itzhaki, Eyal Akiva, Yael Altuvia and Hanah Margalit*

Author affiliations

Department of Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel

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Citation and License

Genome Biology 2006, 7:R125  doi:10.1186/gb-2006-7-12-r125

Published: 21 December 2006

Abstract

Background

Recently, there has been much interest in relating domain-domain interactions (DDIs) to protein-protein interactions (PPIs) and vice versa, in an attempt to understand the molecular basis of PPIs.

Results

Here we map structurally derived DDIs onto the cellular PPI networks of different organisms and demonstrate that there is a catalog of domain pairs that is used to mediate various interactions in the cell. We show that these DDIs occur frequently in protein complexes and that homotypic interactions (of a domain with itself) are abundant. A comparison of the repertoires of DDIs in the networks of Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, and Homo sapiens shows that many DDIs are evolutionarily conserved.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that different organisms use the same 'building blocks' for PPIs, suggesting that the functionality of many domain pairs in mediating protein interactions is maintained in evolution.