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Review

Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production

Blake A Simmons12*, Dominique Loque1 and Harvey W Blanch13

Author Affiliations

1 Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emervyille, CA 94608, USA

2 Energy Systems Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551, USA

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

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Genome Biology 2008, 9:242  doi:10.1186/gb-2008-9-12-242

Published: 29 December 2008

Abstract

The development of second-generation biofuels - those that do not rely on grain crops as inputs - will require a diverse set of feedstocks that can be grown sustainably and processed cost-effectively. Here we review the outlook and challenges for meeting hoped-for production targets for such biofuels in the United States.