Localize errors. Trusted (green) and untrusted (red) 15-mers are drawn against a 36 bp read. In (a), the intersection of the untrusted k-mers localizes the sequencing error to the highlighted column. In (b), the untrusted k-mers reach the edge of the read, so we must consider the bases at the edge in addition to the intersection of the untrusted k-mers. However, in most cases, we can further localize the error by considering all bases covered by the right-most trusted k-mer to be correct and removing them from the error region as shown in (c).
Kelley et al. Genome Biology 2010 11:R116 doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-11-r116