Table 1

Summary of MADS-box genes and their functions

Name and synonyms

Type

Group

Organism

Function


AGAMOUS (AG)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Stamen and carpel development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 15 (AGL15)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Flowering time determination

AGAMOUS-LIKE 23 (AGL23)

Type I

A. thaliana

Female gametophyte development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 24 (AGL24)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Flowering time determination

AGAMOUS-LIKE 28 (AGL28)

Type I

A. thaliana

Potentially flowering time determination

AGAMOUS-LIKE 37 (AGL37), PHERES1

Type I

A. thaliana

Seed development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 61 (AGL61), DIANA

Type I

A. thaliana

Central cell development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 62 (AGL62)

Type I

A. thaliana

Central cell development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 66 (AGL66)

Type II

MIKC*

A. thaliana

Pollen development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 80 (AGL80)

Type I

A. thaliana

Central cell development

AGAMOUS-LIKE 104 (AGL104)

Type II

MIKC*

A. thaliana

Pollen development

APETALA1 (AP1)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Sepal and petal development

APETALA3 (AP3)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Petal and stamen development

ARABIDOPSIS BSISTER (ABS)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Endothelium development

ARG80

Type I

NA

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Arginine metabolism

CAULIFLOWER (CAL)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Floral meristem development

CerMADS2

Type II

MIKCC

Ceratopteris richardii

NA

CerMADS3

Type II

MIKCC

C. richardii

NA

CMADS1

Type II

MIKCC

C. richardii

NA

DEFICIENS (DEF)

Type II

MIKCC

Antirrhinum majus

Petal and stamen development

FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Vernalization response

FRUITFULL (FUL)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Floral meristem development, fruit formation

GmSEP1

Type II

MIKCC

Glycine max

Reproductive organ development

MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING 1 (MAF1)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Flowering time determination

MINICHROMOSOME MAINTENANCE 1 (MCM1)

Type I

NA

S. cerevisiae

Arginine metabolism, cell viability, mating, minichromosome maintenance, recombination, osmotolerance

MASAKO C1-C6

Type II

MIKCC

Rosa rugosa

Stamen and carpel development

OsMADS22

Type II

MIKCC

Oryza sativa

Plant hormone response

OsMADS47

Type II

MIKCC

O. sativa

Plant hormone response

OsMADS50

Type II

MIKCC

O. sativa

Flowering time determination

OsMADS58

Type II

MIKCC

O. sativa

Floral meristem determination

OsMADS60

Type II

MIKCC

O. sativa

NA

OsMADS88

Type I

O. sativa

NA

OsMADS99

Type I

O. sativa

NA

PISTILLATA (PI)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Petal and stamen development

PPM1

Type II

MIKCC

Physcomitrella patens

NA

PpMADS1

Type II

MIKCC

P. patens

NA

PPMC5

Type II

MIKCC

P. patens

NA

SEPALLATA1-4 (SEP 1-4)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Floral organ development

SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR (SRF)

Type I

NA

Homo sapiens

Immediate-early response

SHATTERPROOF 1 (SHP1) and SHATTERPROOF 2 (SHP2)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Fruit dehiscence

SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Flowering time determination

SUPPRESSOR OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1)

Type II

MIKCC

A. thaliana

Flowering time determination

VERNALISATION 1 (VRN1)

Type II

MIKCC

Triticum aestivum

Vernalization response


For brevity, a processes or developmental context (rather than a specific function) is given that is controlled or specified by the corresponding MADS-domain transcription factor. NA, not applicable in 'group'; NA, information not available in 'function'.

Gramzow and Theissen Genome Biology 2010 11:214   doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-6-214