Open Access Research

Sequencing and characterization of the FVB/NJ mouse genome

Kim Wong1, Suzannah Bumpstead1, Louise Van Der Weyden1, Laura G Reinholdt2, Laurens G Wilming1, David J Adams1* and Thomas M Keane1*

Author affiliations

1 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, CB10 1HH, UK

2 The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbour, Maine, ME 04609, USA

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Citation and License

Genome Biology 2012, 13:R72  doi:10.1186/gb-2012-13-8-r72

Published: 23 August 2012

Abstract

Background

The FVB/NJ mouse strain has its origins in a colony of outbred Swiss mice established in 1935 at the National Institutes of Health. Mice derived from this source were selectively bred for sensitivity to histamine diphosphate and the B strain of Friend leukemia virus. This led to the establishment of the FVB/N inbred strain, which was subsequently imported to the Jackson Laboratory and designated FVB/NJ. The FVB/NJ mouse has several distinct characteristics, such as large pronuclear morphology, vigorous reproductive performance, and consistently large litters that make it highly desirable for transgenic strain production and general purpose use.

Results

Using next-generation sequencing technology, we have sequenced the genome of FVB/NJ to approximately 50-fold coverage, and have generated a comprehensive catalog of single nucleotide polymorphisms, small insertion/deletion polymorphisms, and structural variants, relative to the reference C57BL/6J genome. We have examined a previously identified quantitative trait locus for atherosclerosis susceptibility on chromosome 10 and identify several previously unknown candidate causal variants.

Conclusion

The sequencing of the FVB/NJ genome and generation of this catalog has increased the number of known variant sites in FVB/NJ by a factor of four, and will help accelerate the identification of the precise molecular variants that are responsible for phenotypes observed in this widely used strain.